Sometimes when we bite different things or injure our mouths, our teeth can be broken. How we get it treated depends on the size of the break.
How can we take care of our broken teeth?
- Gargle with saltwater, so that you do not infect any injuries that you might have.
- Try applying wax or paraffin on the broken part of the tooth, so that you do not injure yourself further
- If you do have to eat, try eating in a way that does not put pressure on the broken tooth.
Dental Filling or Bonding
If only a small part of your tooth is cracked or Chipped Teeth, the dentist will apply a filling. However, if it is very apparent, then the dentist will do a procedure called Bonding – this uses tooth-colored composite resin.
Bonding usually does not require any numbing. To bond a tooth, the dentist first scratches the tooth’s surface with a liquid or gel to roughen it and make the bonding material stick to it. Afterward, the dentist applies an adhesive material to the tooth, and after that, a tooth-colored resin. After shaping it to look like a natural tooth, the dentist uses a UV light to harden the material.
If only the front tooth is broken, the veneer can make it look healthy once again. It is a thin material (porcelain or resin) that is applied over the tooth – the part where the tooth is broken or chipped and needs to be replaced is covered with a thicker material.
Dental Cap or Crown
If a huge part of your tooth is chipped though, your dentist is more likely to grind your tooth and then put a crown on it, to protect it and to improve the appearance.
A crown is a top that is put on your teeth when they are damaged. They can be created from metal, porcelain attached to metal, all resin, or all ceramic. Different types have different benefits; for example, all-metal crowns are the strongest, but porcelain and resin crowns look more identical to the original tooth.
If most of your tooth is ruined, and only your roots are intact, the dentists perform root canal. In this procedure, the dentist puts a pin in the canal, so that they can put a crown on top of it and cement it there.
Root Canal Therapy
If the break is huge enough to expose the pulp (the inside of your tooth), chances are it will get infected, as pulp tissue can die and will require the whole tooth to be extracted. If the tooth hurts, changes color, or is sensitive to heat, the inside is probably diseased. Root canal therapy is removing the dead pulp, cleaning the root canal, and then closing it.