Different Types of Dental Elevators and Their Use in Dentistry

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When it comes to dental procedures, dentists rely on various instruments. The most common procedure in dentistry is tooth extraction; the most common instruments are dental elevators.

Primarily, a tooth elevator is a special instrument designed to aid dental professionals in extraction. 

These hand-held dental instruments come in different shapes and sizes, each for a specific purpose. 

Here, we will explore the different types of elevator dental tools and their use in dentistry.

Keep reading!

Straight Elevators

Straight elevators are the most commonly used type of dental elevator. They have a straight tip with an elongated handle. 

Primarily, these elevators are useful for the elevation and luxation of incisors and canines. They effectively loosen the tooth from its socket by applying controlled force to the periodontal ligament. 

The dentist can then proceed with the extraction using forceps or other instruments. These elevators are available in multiple size variations.

Cryer Elevators

Cryer elevators are named after their inventor, Dr. Ward Cryer. 

These elevators feature a slightly curved blade with a sharp, pointed tip. They have an ideal design for extracting anterior teeth, both maxillary and mandibular. 

The pointed tips of these instruments allow for precise placement and controlled leverage during the tooth elevation process.

Coupland Elevators

Coupland dental elevators are commonly helpful in the extraction of impacted wisdom teeth. 

They have a unique design with a curved, spoon-shaped blade at the end. The curvature of the blade aids in accessing difficult-to-reach areas and provides better control during the tooth elevation process. 

This type of elevator comes in various sizes to accommodate different tooth sizes and positions.

Crane Pick Elevators

Crane pick elevators or bird beak elevators have frequent use in dental extractions, particularly for root fragment removal. 

They feature a curved, hook-like blade. The curved shape of the instruments help grasp and remove fractured or deeply embedded roots.

The ergonomic design of the elevator ensures precision and minimal trauma to the surrounding tissues.

gerdentusa dental elevators


Luxators are specialized types of dental elevators that differ from traditional elevators in their design. 

They have a thinner, flexible blade easily insertable into the periodontal ligament space to gently loosen the tooth before extraction. 

Luxators are particularly useful in atraumatic extractions, causing non or minimum damage to the surrounding tissues and preserving bone structure.

Potts Elevators

Potts elevators are versatile dental instruments. They feature a curved blade with a sharp, chisel-like edge. 

These tooth elevators are useful for separating tooth roots and luxating teeth from their sockets. 

Moreover, they are effective in removing impacted teeth and root fragments.

Root-Tip Picks

As the name indicates, root-tip picks are primarily used for removing fractured root tips during dental extractions. 

These dental instruments feature a sharp, pointed tip allowing precise and controlled removal of broken root fragments. 

Root-tip picks are particularly useful when dealing with complex cases involving the extraction of multi-rooted teeth.

Apical Dental Elevators

Apical elevators are specifically designed to extract teeth with deep, curved roots. 

They feature a unique blade shape with a narrow, pointed tip and a curved, spoon-like shape towards the base. 

The narrow tip of the elevator allows for precise insertion into the root canal, while the curved shape provides leverage for effective elevation. 

Apical elevators are particularly useful in cases where traditional elevators may not provide adequate access or control.

Cowhorn Dental Elevator 

This type of tooth elevator features a triangular-shaped blade at the tip. This design of the instrument allows for better access and control when extracting multi-rooted teeth, such as molars. 

Cowhorn elevator applies controlled force to separate and elevate the roots from the socket. 

This elevator dental tool comes in various sizes to accommodate different tooth sizes and root types.


It’s the most innovative and latest version of dental elevators. Anglevator is a hybrid of six dental tools. Primarily, it is used for luxating and elevating periodontal ligaments. 

The instrument’s tip perfectly matches the tooth curvature, making the PDL severing more efficient. Its short/stubby handle comfortably fits the user’s hand. 

Moreover, this instrument is available in many size variations.

Wrapping Up!

Dental elevators are essential dental tools that aid in tooth extraction procedures. Each type has its own unique design and purpose. 

Dentists need to carefully choose the appropriate type of dental elevator based on the tooth being extracted, its position, and the specific requirements of the procedure. 

If you’re looking for any kind of elevator dental tool, visit GerDentUSA.com. In the USA, they are the manufacturer and supplier of German stainless steel dental surgical instruments. 



Author Since:  May 22, 2023

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