Everything You Should Know about Gum Diseases

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Gum diseases are an issue for many people, yet many don’t even know the basics about these conditions and how to prevent them. In this article, we’ll dive deeply into gum diseases, giving you all the information you need to protect your oral health.

What Are Gum Diseases?


Gum disease, known as periodontal disease, is a condition caused by bacteria in plaque and tartar that accumulates on and between teeth. This buildup can cause inflammation around the gums leading to additional infection levels and damage to your mouth. If left untreated, gum disease can cause tooth loss due to the gradual disintegration of the tissue around them and eventual detachment from the jawbone. It’s important to note that gum disease is progressive and can start mild but worsen over time without timely treatment. The main symptoms include:

Red or swollen gums

Tender or bleeding gums when brushing or flossing

Bad breath (halitosis) or a bad taste in the mouth

Receding gums from teeth pulling away from each other

 Loose teeth

Causes of Gum Disease


The main cause of gum disease is poor oral hygiene which fails to remove food particles stuck between teeth and under the gum line, where bacteria tends to accumulate. This type of inadequate dental care often leads to plaque development, which can then harden into tartar if not regularly removed, resulting in even more accumulation of bacteria in these areas.


Other factors such as genetics, age, smoking habits, and some medical conditions like diabetes can also contribute to gum disease risk since they interfere with healing processes. Pregnant women should pay special attention to their dental health since hormonal changes make them more prone to developing periodontal problems during pregnancy. Also, stress has been linked with a higher occurrence of gum diseases since it suppresses your body’s natural defense mechanisms against infection, making your immune system less resilient.

Diagnosis & Treatment Of Gum Disease


Your dentist will use several diagnostic measures, such as examining your x-rays for any signs like bone loss or cavity pockets below the gums indicating infection, before diagnosing gum diseases. Regular checkups with professionals help identify any changes early on, allowing for quicker treatment before serious damage occurs. To treat existing infections, antibiotics are usually prescribed together with regular scaling procedures, which involve removing tartar buildup from surfaces above and below the gums using specialized tools by dentists or hygienists. Surgical intervention may be necessary for more serious cases where bones have been affected due to large amounts of bacterial infection, including tissue grafts or flap surgery. In addition, individuals with severe cases may benefit from systemic antibiotic therapy, where medication is taken orally rather than applied locally to affected areas.

Home Care Tips To Prevent Gum Disease


Although professional dental care is essential for a healthy oral hygiene routine, preventive practices at home are key for ensuring your gums stay healthy over time. Here are some easy steps you can take:


 Maintaining good oral hygiene by brushing twice daily with fluoride-free toothpaste followed by flossing once daily helps control the bacteria population around teeth. Be sure to brush along the gum line carefully but gently.

Use an antiseptic mouthwash after brushing as an added layer for protection against bacterial buildup. Make sure it does not contain alcohol, as it dries out soft tissues causing more harm than good.

Keep up with scheduled dental visits every 6 months minimum, so any potential problems are identified early on,, even if you don’t feel discomfort at first glance. Also, ensure you get a professional cleaning done annually, at least during checkups, since this might only be covered partially by regular brushing at home.

Consume a balanced diet ensuring enough sources of vitamins A, C & D alongside minerals such as calcium & phosphorus, which promote healthy dental tissues providing resistance against infections. Also, try cutting down on sugary snacks since sugar acts like a food source, encouraging the growth of harmful microorganisms inside the mouth, leading eventually deterioration of enamel & weakening of overall structure resulting in cavities formation plus the development of puffy pale lesions inside cheeks referred to sometimes as white patches indicating the presence of certain types kinds fungal infections.



Gum disease can vary from mild to severe, and the effects range from slight irritation to major health issues. By understanding all possible causes, signs, and adjustments that can be made to ensure proper treatments are received, people can practice preventative measures and strive towards healthy teeth and gums throughout their lives. Even if you are experiencing minor signs such as gingivitis or bleeding gums, you must consult your dentist or healthcare professional to manage it best. For more specialized treatments, such as deep cleanings or surgical removal of periodontal pockets, it is important to go with the best dentists in Monterey Park for efficient and thorough care. Gum diseases may seem daunting, but with the right awareness and treatment plan, we hope you will maintain strong oral health for years to come!



Author Since:  September 18, 2018


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