The implantology allowed a radical turn in dental therapeutics. Before the implants, when teeth were missing, other practices were carried out that, in many cases, offered unsightly, unstable, or uncomfortable results.
what is a dental implant?
“A dental implant is like a small screw, usually made of titanium, which is attached to the bone of the jaw or maxilla to form what will be a means of retention for one or more false teeth. Also, it is used to better fix a complete denture, just as the root does with the teeth. The difference is that an implant is artificial ”
What Are Dental Implants Made Of?
The dental implants are made of titanium dioxide, a very biocompatible material that, unlike what many people believe, does not produce rejection and is able to bond intimately with the bone tissue after a period of time. “It is extremely resistant, which allows it, under normal conditions, to withstand masticatory forces without separating from bone tissue.”
Is There Any Alternative To Dental Implants?
Before the dental implants (and sometimes even these days) when teeth were missing in the mouth, other practices were performed such as the wear of the neighboring teeth to the missing tooth (often, those neighboring teeth are healthy pieces) to be able to be taken of them and thus replace the lost. Or, missing teeth are replaced with removable prostheses with hooks that the patient must remove daily for hygiene. “In many cases, these prostheses result in an unsightly appearance, they can be unstable, uncomfortable, and insecure,” says D’Itria and adds that it is necessary to “empathize with the patient in his high disagreement.”
“Although implantology is a discipline that has been researched scientifically with great rigor and intensity, as it is relatively ‘new’ it is still impregnated with strong prejudices by some patients but also by several dental professionals and general health “.
Dental implants Surgical Procedure
Surgical procedures for the placement of implants are performed in dental offices prepared and equipped for these practices under strict biosafety regulations. “A hospital environment is not needed and, in general, local anesthesia is adequate for these procedures that are ambulatory. In long-term interventions, such as complete rehabilitation, maxillary sinus elevations, or bone regenerations, intravenous sedation monitored by an anesthesiologist may be used. ”
How Painful is Getting A Dental Implant?
No pain In terms of discomfort and, like each surgical procedure, each case is different depending on the clinical situation and the patient’s preferences. Implant placement can also vary and require minutes to hours for its implementation. According to Chilo, “contrary to what may seem, in most cases the post-operative is less discomfort than other interventions performed within of the dental practice.
How the implant is placed?
Placing an implant without complications should not hurt. Only cause discomfort or burning in the wound of the gum. “The specialist clarifies that” in the event that surgery is performed bone regeneration in jaws with bone loss the postoperative can develop with swelling or edema during the first days. Occasionally, bruises may occur, but never pain, “he says. It may happen that the jaws have been reduced (atrophy). But there are many ways to regenerate those lost tissues through highly predictable techniques. “You can regenerate that tissue by implanting your own bone or specific materials.
Dental implant procedure steps
These days, we have advanced techniques to perform surgeries in extreme cases. The success rate is very high. Fortunately, situations in which a patient who wishes to be rehabilitated with implants can not be very rare. It is that the field of bone regeneration is undoubtedly one of the main advances in implantology in recent years, “he says.
The specialists indicate that there is a lot of training in this area as well as in the regeneration of the gum, surgical procedures important for the achievement of oral aesthetics. Time The dentist Gustavo Toselli, assistant secretary of the AOC, explains that the implant needs a period of time to join the bone. This period can vary from two to three months and, in large bone regenerations, it could take up to six months. Once the implant has been integrated into the bone, the definitive prosthesis can be made on the placed implants.
Dental Implant types
The prosthesis can be of two types:
which provides the highest level of aesthetics, comfort, and function; or
a more economical option, made in acrylic or cobalt chrome frame. It is feasible that the fixation of the implant called bone integration does not occur. However, this happens, according to updated scientific literature, and is estimated as normal in only two percent of cases.
“Here comes into play the expertise of the surgeon and also the care of the patient not to mobilize the implant during the period of time that bone integration requires. It is also necessary to consider that there are more committed cases than others. If bone-integration does not occur, another implant can and should be replaced to replace it, “says Toselli.
who can get dental implants?
For everyone, his colleague Esteban Brenna is the secretary of the association and says that” any patient in good health can undergo dental implant surgery. “Your experience tells you that if you follow international standards on this technique, in general, there are no contraindications for a person to be rehabilitated with dental implants. It should be clarified that each patient is evaluated in a particular and comprehensive way in the consultation for diagnosis and treatment plan.
Dental implants problems
Hygiene Implants correctly positioned, well sanitized by the patient, and controlled and maintained by the dentist, have no time limit of useful life. But bad oral hygiene can cause the loss of the implant. It is that just as the bone that surrounds the teeth is lost due to bad hygiene (periodontitis), the same happens around the implants (peri-implantitis).
Dental Implant Maintenance
“The rehabilitated person must periodically control and maintain the dental implants throughout his life,” emphasizes Brenna. “The implant is considered worldwide as the way to carry out the replacement of dental pieces in the best way possible. comfortable, safe and with a high satisfaction tested for the patient who receives it “, explains Cinthia Chilo. But while, in general, the placement of implants does not pose great post-surgical discomfort, the AOC specialists recommend the following care for three to five days after the intervention.
-Do not touch the area operated with a toothbrush or with the tongue, it is recommended the use of antiseptics.
Foods You Can Eat After Dental Implant Placement
-Avoid solid foods.
-Eat a soft diet.
-Do not perform physical activity.
-Do not submit to the sun or sources of heat.
– Use ice to cool the operated area in intermittent periods of 10 minutes during the first three hours after surgery and the next day.
-Do not suck or blow. Do not pull tissues. Avoid smoking.
-Follow medication recommendations. indicated by the professional.
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