9 Types of Dental Specialists (Explained)

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Types of Dental Specialists

It is confusing for most people to decide which dentist is suitable for their dental problems, as dental specialists are of various types. Each one is equipped to handle different kinds of dental issues. So we have enlisted the types of dental specialists here to ease them here. It will help you to know which dentist you should visit in case of specific gum or tooth issue.

Dental specialists are dentists who have completed additional training in one or more recognized dental specialties. Dental specialists are experts in their field and can provide the highest quality care for their patients. Dental care is more than just teeth cleaning and cavities fillings. There are many different types of dental specialists, including orthodontists, periodontists, oral and maxillofacial surgeons, prosthodontists, and pedodontists. 

The American Dental Association recognizes nine dental specialties. To become a dental specialist, one must complete an accredited postdoctoral program in their desired specialty. 

Major Types of Dental Specialists

a dentist checking her patient's teeth
a dentist checking her patient’s teeth

Here is a list of major types of dental specialists:

1. General Dentists

A dentist is a dental health care provider who diagnoses, treats, and manages overall oral health for their patients. They are also trained to perform basic and routine dental procedures such as teeth cleaning, filling cavities, and extractions. He may also provide other services, such as fluoride treatments and sealants. 

2. Orthodontist

An orthodontist is a dentist specializing in diagnosing, preventing, and treating dental and facial irregularities. They use different tools like orthodontic cases and other appliances to treat and fix the teeth and jaws that are positioned improperly.

It is understood that sometimes, the upper teeth bite down too far over your lower teeth due to an overbite. This can cause crowding of the teeth and jaw pain. An orthodontist can help correct an overbite by moving the upper teeth back and the lower teeth forward.

Furthermore, in the case of an underbite, your lower teeth protrude past your upper front teeth. This can make it difficult to chew food properly and cause jaw pain. An orthodontist can help correct an underbite by moving the lower jaw into its proper position.

Orthodontists receive an additional two to three years of education beyond dental school to be able to perform these specialized procedures. Many orthodontists choose to join professional organizations such as the American Association of Orthodontists (AAO) to keep up with the latest trends and techniques in the field.

3. Prosthodontist 

Prosthodontists are dental specialists trained to restore and replace teeth. They use various techniques to create custom-made dental prosthetics, such as dentures, veneers, crowns, teeth restoration, teeth filling, and bridges.

Prosthodontists work closely with other dental specialists, such as orthodontists and oral surgeons, to ensure that patients receive the best possible care. Dr. John G.Kostides is one of the best prosthodontists who facilitates users with the best treatment using the latest technology. 

4. Periodontist  

A periodontist is specialized in the treatment of gums and bone problems. The most common symptom of periodontal disease is bleeding gums. Other symptoms include red, swollen, or tender gums, gums that have pulled away from the teeth, bad breath, and loose teeth.

Periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss if you ignore gum problems. Treatment for periodontal disease may include scaling and root planing (a deep cleaning), antibiotics, and surgery.

5. Endodontists

If you’re experiencing tooth pain, you may wonder if you need to see an endodontist. Endodontists are dentists who specialize in treating the pulp and tissue of the teeth. They use techniques such as root canals and pulpotomies to save teeth that would otherwise be extracted.

In addition to performing these procedures, endodontists also educate patients on maintaining their dental health. Patients can avoid more invasive procedures, such as dental implants, by seeking treatment from an endodontist.

6. Oral Pathologists

Oral pathologists are unique in the medical field because they are specially trained to diagnose and treat diseases of the mouth, jaws, and face. They are also experts in the care of patients with oral cancer. In addition to their training in medicine, oral pathologists also have advanced training in dentistry. This combination of skills makes them uniquely qualified to provide comprehensive care for patients with diseases of the mouth.

7. Pedodontists

They are one of the most important members of the dental team. They are responsible for diagnosing and treating dental problems in children. Pedodontists use their knowledge of child development to ensure that treatment is appropriate for each child.

They use their training and experience to provide comprehensive dental care for infants, children, adolescents, and children with special needs. They are specially trained to deal with the unique challenges of caring for young patients, including behavior management and treating common childhood dental problems.

8. Oral and Maxillofacial Radiologist

It is the latest and most advanced field of dentistry. An oral and maxillofacial radiologist is a dentist who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, disorders, and injuries of the mouth, teeth, jaws, and face. They use various imaging techniques to diagnose and treat conditions, including x-rays, CT scans, MRIs, and ultrasounds.

In addition to diagnosing and treating patients, they also work with dental surgeons to plan and execute tooth extractions, implants, and other dental procedures.

9. Dentist Anesthesiologists

Not every day you hear of someone becoming a dentist anesthesiologist. This unique field is one of the most interesting and important in healthcare. Dentist anesthesiologists ensure that patients are safe and comfortable during dental procedures. They work closely with dentists and other healthcare professionals to ensure that all aspects of the procedure go smoothly.

They are specially trained in the administration of general anesthetics and sedatives, as well as in providing pain relief. Dentist anesthesiologists have a wide range of experience, from providing anesthesia for minor oral procedures such as teeth cleaning to more complicated surgeries such as root canal treatment.

How to Know What Type of Dentist Do You Require?

a senior woman having treatment from dental specialists
a senior woman having treatment from dental specialists

Many people do not realize that there are different types of dentistry. When you go to the dentist, you may assume they will clean your teeth and check for cavities. However, there are many different types of dental procedures, and it is essential to know which one you need. Here is a quick guide to help you figure out which kind of dentistry you need:

You can see a dentist if you need a routine cleaning and checkup. He can also fill cavities and perform other basic procedures. You may need to see a specialist if you have more complex needs, such as braces or root canals. There are many different types of specialists, including orthodontists, periodontists, and endodontists.


Dental specialists offer various benefits that can be extremely helpful for patients. They can help with everything from preventive care to major dental work and even provide emergency services. If you need any dental care, be sure to visit a specialist.


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Author Since:  September 18, 2018


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