An abscess on the tooth is usually pus caused by bacteria. It can occur anywhere on the tooth, for various reasons. The three main kinds of abscesses are:
- Periapical abscess – on the tip of the tooth
- Periodontal abscess – on the gum next to the root of the tooth
- Gingival abscess – on the gums
- Pain in ear, jaw, neck
- Worsening pain when you lie down
- Pain during eating
- Facial redness
- Swollen gums
- Sensitive tooth
- Loose tooth
- Discolored tooth
- Halitosis, foul taste in the mouth
- Tender lymph nodes under your jaw
- Fever (as it is an infection)
- Untreated tooth decay
- Broken tooth
- Gum infections (especially periodontitis)
- Insufficient dental hygiene
- High sugar intake
- Dry mouth (Can be caused by certain medications or illnesses)
Relieving pain if the dentist is unavailable
- Teeth can get very sensitive in this time so avoid hot or cold drinks
- Abscesses are sensitive to pH changes, so avoid acidic drinks
- OTC painkillers, like panadol, can help reduce the pain
- Floss between the teeth that hurt the most, so any food particles or plaque can be removed, so that there is fewer chances of a further infection
- Get a temporary filling from the pharmacy
- Sleep with an elevated head
- Rise regularly, with warm saline water
To diagnose the teeth, doctors usually tap the teeth, see if it is hollow. If they are unsure, they get CT scans and X-rays to examine the situation.
- Draining the pus
- Getting a root canal performed
- Taking out the infected tooth
- Medicating with antibiotics – on doctor’s recommendations
What is Abscessed Tooth? Its Causes and Treatment: Avoiding tooth decay is essential to preventing a tooth abscess. Take good care of your teeth to avoid tooth decay:
- Use fluoridated drinking water.
- Brush your teeth at least twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste.
- Use dental floss or an interdental cleaner to clean between your teeth on a daily basis.
- Replace your toothbrush every three or four months, or whenever the bristles are frayed.
- Eat healthy food, limiting sugary items and between-meal snacks.
- Visit your dentist for regular checkups and professional cleanings.
- Consider using an antiseptic or a fluoride mouth rinse to add an extra layer of protection against tooth decay.