What is Overbite Correction and How To Fix it

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What is Overbite Correction and How To Fix it

What is an overbite?

An overbite is a dental condition in which the upper row of teeth extends beyond the lower row of teeth when the mouth is closed. The upper teeth protrude over the lower teeth usually by a proportion of between 30 to 50%.

Types of Overbites

How to Fix an Overbite

There are two types of overbites, vertical and horizontal overbites

  • Vertical overbite

This is when the upper row of teeth overlaps the lower teeth.

  • Horizontal overbite

When the upper row of teeth protrudes over the bottom teeth, it is called a horizontal overbite.

Although these are clearly separate types of overbites, some patients might exhibit characteristics of both types. Overbites can also be classified as either dental or skeletal in nature. In dental overbites, it is the teeth that are responsible for the problem but in skeletal overbites, the shape of the jaw causes the overlap or protrusion.

What might cause overbites?

There are many reasons for overbites. One of these can be a loss of lower teeth at the back of the lower jaw, molars in particular. This results in the front teeth moving back because of the lack of support. Another reason is the childhood habit of thumb sucking or overuse of the pacifier.

Types of Overbites

A baby’s jaw is soft and malleable, and its shape has not fully developed. These behaviors can narrow down the arch to the mouth and this pushes the upper teeth forward.

Frequently pushing the tongue against the back of the front teeth of the upper jaw can also cause an overbite. Overbites can also have a genetic basis, being hereditary, where the jaw is naturally malformed.

How is an overbite fixed?

Overbite correction is done by an orthodontist doctor who will design a treatment plan specifically for the patient’s case. This treatment can take up to two years and possibly more, especially if you are seeking treatment as an adult. Overbite correction without surgery is possible and in most cases, surgery is not needed.

  • Overbite correction in children and teenagers

Overbite correction in children is easier than in adults because the jaw is not yet fully developed and it is easier to correct its shape. One way of treating an overbite is to remove baby teeth so that there is enough room for the permanent teeth to grow straight.

A growth modification device can alternatively be used to make the jaw better positioned. Retainers and braces are also often used to straighten the teeth.

  • Overbite correction in adults

Overbite correction braces are the most common means of overbite correction. Braces are metal brackets joined by a strong wire, which are meant to apply constant pressure on the teeth and to subsequently push them back in place over a period of time. The expected overbite correction cost usually varies between $3500 and $5000. The exact cost is determined by the nature and severity of the overbite.

Fix An Overbite With Invisalign

In less severe cases, aligners can be used. This method includes an initial scan of the teeth and the use of a 3D mold to fit over them so that the shape of the row of teeth can be obtained. Transparent aligners are then made particularly for the individual.

They are used to cover the teeth and apply pressure to push them back just like braces do. They, however, might be very expensive, often costing more than traditional braces.

How long does overbite correction take?

Correcting an overbite with braces takes time. A deep overbite and other conditions with complications like overcrowding or crooked teeth could take much longer. The duration of treatment depends on the severity and nature of the overbite, but usually, two to three years are needed for complete correction.

After braces are removed, retainers need to be worn for a certain amount of time to keep the teeth in place.

CARDS DENTAL

Author Since:  September 18, 2018

DENTIST

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